There are many different trigger factors and causes for tinnitus and hyperacusis. This is why there is no one intervention at the moment that makes tinnitus go away. Tinnitus can occur on its own, or in conjunction with other factors such as stress or hearing loss. The important thing to remember is that tinnitus is not a disease or a medical problem, it is a symptom. Therefore we use different methods to find the trigger or cause, so the appropriate management intervention is used.
Tinnitus is often a sign of ear problems (like glue ear), or hearing loss. If it’s hard to hear outside sounds, the brain will start listening to internal sound instead like tinnitus. Think about it this way, if you put your fingers in your ears, you can’t hear the outside sounds as well, but you can hear the internal ones much more loudly. That is why children are often referred to Ear, Nose and Throat and/or for a hearing test first.
Giving your child an explanation of tinnitus helps, as long as the vocabulary and examples are age appropriate. Tinnitus therapy may involve sound generators or sound relaxing apps. Other sound enrichment and relaxation techniques may be appropriate in blocking tinnitus. Children are often quick to understand how to teach their brain focus on other sounds other than the tinnitus. Where there is a hearing loss, fitting hearing aids may help. In other cases cognitive behavioural therapy may help your child understand the trigger. This is turn can then decrease the emotional response to the sound/tinnitus.
The British Tinnitus Association (BTA ) has some great booklets for children on tinnitus https://www.tinnitus.org.uk/supporting-a-child Here are some tactics that may help your child manage their tinnitus, particularly in a school environment:
- consider moving the child away from noisy groups/people if they are showing signs of distress or difficulty hearing
- Agree with the child a way of alerting you if tinnitus is triggered in a lesson – this could be a laminated card with a message or some other agreed signal
- During group work, sympathetically consider requests for the group to move somewhere quieter to work
- Some children benefit from low level noise (eg a computer or heating fan) and may prefer to sit close to this sound
- Working in a quiet place for a long time (eg during library time or exams) may be distressing for the child or make concentration difficult. Background sound (eg a fan, or sitting near an open window) or the use of low level music on an MP3 player may help
- Ensure the child has a “support card” to hand, reminding them about how to relax and breathe to help take their mind away from their tinnitus. This could be decorated with favourite pictures, for example.